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Counting the Cost of Red Tape for Business in South Africa Main report


2.5 M

Importing and Exporting by small firms in South Africa


163 K

SMEs and Employment in South Africa


164 K

Who are the small firm entrepreneurs in South Africa?


203 K

Effect of Red Tape on Small Firms


237 K

SBP's regulatory compliance cost study for the first time put a figure on what it costs business to comply with government regulations in South Africa - estimated conservatively at R79bn in 2004. The detailed findings demonstrate, among other things, that compliance costs are generally highly regressive for small businesses. The economy-wide survey - the largest of its kind anywhere in the world - covered a representative sample of 1800 businesses from large corporations through SMEs to the informal sector. The report had a very considerable impact: it persuaded the government to move regulatory issues high up on the policy agenda; influenced reforms to the tax regime, particularly for small businesses; and provided a context for the Presidency and National Treasury to introduce the system of Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) approved by Cabinet in 2007.




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Networks Achieving Business Growth: Private Sector Initiative (Psi) Malawi


707 K

SBP's Psi model enables large companies to collaborate with each other, governments and international development agencies to maximise the benefits of their linkages with home-grown SMEs. Psi Malawi also incorporated a peer networking mechanism - Business Bridge - that connects SMEs with each other, builds social capital, and improves their access to opportunities within corporate supply chains. This report focuses on the experience of small businesses involved in Business Bridge, and the tangible benefits achieved for its members

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Small Business Development in South Africa - Time to re-assess


89 K

Effective small business development on the scale needed in South Africa requires a new, sustained engagement between the private sector and government at national, provincial and local levels. There is a large and pressing agenda, but crucial issues include improving the regulatory, administrative and operating environment, and ways to expand market development for SMMEs. Most important of all, small business development initiatives must get down to the level where small businesses actually operate, and must be closely targeted in different sectors and value chains, and in specific localities - in our cities, small towns and rural areas - to grapple with their diverse characteristics, needs, constraints and opportunities.

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Cutting the Cost of Red Tape for Business Growth in Rwanda Main Report


3.0 M

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Cutting the Cost of Red Tape for business growth in Rwanda - Summary


553 K

How much does regulatory compliance cost the private sector in Rwanda annually? What does it cost a business to submit tax returns, or comply with import/export regulations? Which are the most time-consuming regulations? Do regulatory costs stop businesses from growing? What is their impact on small businesses? This six-page summary presents the headline findings and recommendations contained in the main report.

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The Impact of Crime on Small Businesses in South Africa


0.9 M

How likely are small businesses to be hit by crime? What types of crime? Violent crime? How much does it cost them, and constrain job creation and growth? Commissioned by the Office of the Presidency, SBP's disturbing report provides the first evidence-based answers to these questions. It draws on the experiences and perceptions of 450 emerging (mainly black) small business owners in and around the major metropolitan areas, and operating in industrial sectors with the potential to contribute to economic growth and job creation

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Boosting youth employment through entrepreneurship: a response to the National Youth Development Agency


604 K

Can the creative energies of South Africa's young people be turned into one of the country's greatest assets, and a source of economic growth and prosperity? The new National Youth Development Agency will have to prioritise its interventions. South Africa's enormous unemployment challenge is particularly concentrated among the country's youth. This SBP Alert argues that a strong focus on entrepreneurship should be among the NYDA's top priorities. It should operate as a facilitator and catalyst, enabling social partners - from community groups to corporations - to develop practical and effective programmes to build the culture, skills, operating environment and networks necessary to support entrepreneurial growth. We suggest that this might be achieved through creation of a dedicated grant mechanism, managed by the NYDA, on the basis of competitive tendering and clear, outcome-focused selection criteria.

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Counting the Cost of Red Tape for Tourism in South Africa


1.1 M

The first in-depth study of what red tape costs South Africa's tourism industry presents some astounding results. SBP's research shows that the average annual recurring compliance costs per firm in the tourism sector are up to three times higher than for other firms in the broader economy. Both government and the private sector look to tourism to boost economic growth and employment; but the regulatory framework imposes exceptionally heavy constraints on this sector, largely as unintended consequences. This report provides strong evidence for targeted reforms.

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The Investment Climate Facility for Africa: Information memorandum


2.7 M

Launched in June 2006 with an initial capitalisation of US$120m, the ICF is an independent trust financed by private sector investments and international donor money. This major international project was designed to help Africa create a more attractive business environment by removing obstacles to domestic and foreign investment. As Principal Agent, SBP handled its design and pre-establishment phases. SBP was then appointed as the ICF's Executive Secretariat in March 2006 for a one-year period, taking it through its establishment phase, leading up to the appointment of a CEO in March 2007. This information memorandum was developed for potential investors.

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Business Bridge for Business Growth - newsletter series from SBP's pilot programme


362 K

SBP's Business Bridge networking model develops human and social capital in small enterprises through intensive peer-group learning and problem-solving. Based on their specific needs and local context, it accelerates business skills and enhances business culture. Initially piloted in South Africa in an urban industrial setting and a rural mining area, Business Bridge was also a key component in Psi Malawi. These six newsletters were an integral part of the pilot programme in South Africa, and graphically demonstrate the wide range of issues, learnings and networking opportunities involved. There is a growing interest in social capital as the fourth form of capital - alongside financial, human and physical capital - to underpin and expand business development. Networks are a vital element of social capital, providing both 'vertical' and 'horizontal' linkages. This is a core objective in the Business Bridge methodology.

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Counting the Cost of Red Tape for Business in South Africa - Headline Report


863 K

This concise headline report outlines the primary findings of SBP's pioneering survey on the costs of regulation to the South African private sector - the first in South Africa and the largest of its kind undertaken anywhere in the world. Regulatory compliance cost South African businesses R79bn in 2004, an amount equivalent to 6,5 per cent of GDP. The survey results provided strong evidence to take forward discussion about how to achieve a regulatory environment more conducive to the private sector's optimal performance, particularly for SMEs.

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SBP Alert - Accelerating small business growth in South Africa


166 K

SBP hosted a small high-level roundtable discussion at the end of September. Participants in the roundtable were drawn from government - including the Presidency - business chambers, parastatals, research organisations, and major private sector players engaged in small business development. This SBP Alert is an edited version of the day's discussion, summarising key points that emerged.

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An Enabling Environment for Private Sector Growth: Lessons from international experience - SME Alert series


269 K

International experience shows that an appropriate regulatory and institutional environment is the single most important element in a national growth strategy. An enabling environment is good for all businesses, irrespective of size. This Alert establishes a framework for South African policy-makers to reassess their approach to private sector growth and job creation. Political will, leadership and policy coherence are crucial elements in bringing about a better environment for business.

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A small business perspective on tax compliance SME Alert series


199 K

Taxation ranks high as a source of regulatory costs and disincentives for small-scale entrepreneurs in many countries. This Alert unpacks tax compliance issues affecting small businesses in South Africa, and argues strongly for amendments to VAT and Income Tax procedures - where the focus should shift from punishing wrong-doers to making the system easier to comply with, as part of a broader objective to reduce the compliance burden as a whole.

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Understanding Regulatory Impact Assessments: Key issues from international experience - SME Alert series


298 K

Policy makers should take full account of the practical impacts on business, particularly SMEs. This Alert describes the mechanism of Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) as a tool for better regulation and argues for its adoption in South Africa.

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Not There Yet: The state of regulatory best practice initiatives in South Africa


591 K

This study assesses the state of play regarding policy debates around RBP in South Africa, drawing on the most significant published documentation. The material is arranged under six themes reflecting important areas of policy advocacy: the general policy environment, organised business, organised labour, political parties, parliament, and other significant local and regional processes.

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Is South Africa a good place to do business? SME Alert series


229 K

SBP Alert - A landscape of lumbering giants


Ill-informed regulation not only creates 'red tape' for business but more bureaucracy for the public sector. This publication addresses issues around the regulatory environment from a business perspective, with a special focus on SMES, which are often overlooked in public debates. It presents evidence suggesting that a regulatory environment that reduces the administrative burden for SMEs in particular would be positive investment in South Africa's future.

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The State of Regulatory Best Practice Initiatives in Africa: A desktop study of 11 countries


661 K

Emerging as a key consideration in national development policies, regulatory best practice (RBP) argues that, as a basis for sustainable private sector growth, macro-economic stabilization must be complemented by an appropriate regulatory environment. This study conducted by SBP investigates in some detail the extent to which RBP principles feature on the public policy agendas in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

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Business Growing Business: SBP's linkage programme 1998 - 2003


454 K

SBP's innovative business linkages programme forges links between large corporations and SMEs operating in the same locality. From 1998 onwards, SBP launched and supported six business linkage centres in various parts of South Africa, providing linkages to more than 80 corporates. In the first five years, this resulted in contracts worth more than R1bn being awarded to small, mainly black-owned enterprises, and the creation of over 3 000 sustainable jobs. This publication, based on an independent evaluation, reviews the programme's successes as well as the challenges encountered.

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Gaining Momentum: The state of regulatory best practice in Africa


82 K

In 2003 SBP and the Commonwealth Business Council launched a joint project to raise awareness of the importance of regulatory best practice (RBP) in Africa. Specifically, it aimed to ensure that RBP issues would be placed firmly on the agenda of debates around economic growth, job creation, and the investment climate. This is a situation report, prepared by SBP, assessing the degree to which regulatory best practice had been accepted by the national governments in 12 African countries, to what extent it informed their policies, and how the RBP agenda could be advanced.

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Cross-border African Shoppers and Traders in South Africa: Findings from an SBP survey - SME Alert series


198 K

SBP's survey demonstrates that cross-border shopping and trade contribute substantially to the local economy of Johannesburg, the primary destination in South Africa for these activities. The informal nature of much of this trade obscures the very considerable collective spending power of shoppers and traders, with large volumes of goods crossing South Africa's borders every day. However, environmental and regulatory constraints limit expansion in this sector. Joined-up thinking is needed to reduce these barriers and simplify transnational trade to generate more opportunities for domestic and regional small business development

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Leveraging Sustainable Development: The Psi (Private Sector Initiative) in Tanzania


821 K

"This initiative is not charity; it's hard-nosed business. Merely handing out money will not solve any problems. Charity does not foster entrepreneurship" (Tanzania's Minister of Finance, at the Psi launch). This publication explains the philosophy behind SBP's networking development model, and how the Psi works to bridge the structural gap in poor countries between a few large, mostly multinational corporations at one end of the spectrum, and many small, often informal, enterprises at the other, with few links between the sectors.

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Networks for Business Growth. Private Sector Initiative (Psi) Malawi


2.0 M

Launched in 2005, Psi Malawi was endorsed by the Ministry of Trade and Private Sector Development, and led and facilitated by SBP. Corporate members work in partnership with each other, DFID and the Malawian government to promote a more joined-up economy and develop sustainable SME participation in local supply-chains, contributing to pro-poor economic growth. This report discusses the development concepts that inform the model, and reviews Psi Malawi's first year of operation.

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A Model that Works: The Psi (Private Sector Initiative) Tanzania


549 K

The Psi is a development model that works, creating sustainable and mutually profitable linkages between large corporations one the one hand, and SMEs on the other. During its first two years of operation, Psi Tanzania made dramatic progress. In 2002, corporate participants spent US$21m on inputs from Tanzanian SMEs. In 2003, this rose to US$30 - a 43 per cent increase.

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